Embattled Philippine Supreme Court Chief Justice Renato Corona waves to the crowd, mostly lawyers and judges, shortly after addressing them in a rally at the Supreme Court in Manila on Dec. 14. Corona has warned that President Benigno Aquino III’s moves to oust him could lead to a dictatorship, and vowed to defend himself in an impeachment trial come January 2012. (AP photo/Bullit Marquez)
Justices of the Philippine Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Renato Corona (center), prepare to hear oral arguments during an en banc session on Nov. 29, to decide on the constitutionality of the joint Department of Justice (DOJ)-Commission on Elections (Comelec) panel created to investigate alleged electoral fraud committed by former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. (AP photo/Bullit Marquez)
The Maguindanao massacre, also known as the Ampatuan massacre after the town where the mass graves were found, occurred on the morning of Nov. 23, 2009, in the town of Ampatuan in Maguindanao province, on the island of Mindanao. While the victims were on their way to file a certificate of candidacy for Esmael Mangudadatu, vice mayor of Buluan town, they were kidnapped and brutally killed.